First of all, a word about the moving parts in some of the images in this post. They are a take from the last session in #etmooc where I tried out different digital media tools. If you want to know how they were made please read this post
So, this week it is all about digital literacies. The above image was adapted from a slide shared by Doug Belshaw in another excellent #etmooc webinar this week. In his doctoral thesis, Doug identified 8 elements which he suggests we need to become fluent in digital literacy. He is continuing his work in this area by working on a Web Literacy standard with Mozilla. We were also treated to a presentation by Howard Rheingold. In particular, Howard refers to the need to be able to distinguish good and bad online information, which is closely related to the Critical element from Doug’s digital literacies, and it is this that I want to explore in this post.
Howard has borrowed the phrase ‘Crap Detection’ from a 1954 quote by Ernest Hemingway: ““Every man should have a built-in automatic crap detector operating inside him.” Clearly then, being able to distinguish good information from bad is nothing new. Indeed,, to my mind one of the great affordances of the internet is that it is possible to do a great deal more crap detection than we could when most of our information came from broadcast media.
The medium is the message
I don’t have a television. The main reason is that I don”t like being force fed information from a single authority. Marshall Macluhan’s refers to this one-to-many relationship in his book Understanding Media: The extensions of Man. He suggests that when TV’s are a constant in our living rooms we cannot help but be influenced by the messages they contain. Here are some examples why those messages worry me:
I’m not sure why but from an early age I became aware that television news is presented in an ‘entertaining’ way. As an example of this, Alec Couros has recently expressed his concern about how the reporting of the shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School was dangerously sensationalized.
Each Christmas in the UK, families are bombarded with advertisements exhorting them to buy a new sofa. No money? No worries, they are all available with interest free credit.
These entertainment shows concern me the most. They are broadcast daily into millions of homes. This excerpt from a report commissioned by Ofcom into audience attitudes to British soap operas suggests:
So, here’s a slice of appropriate or expected behavior which parallels surrounding society from Eastenders, a popular British soap opera.
Scary stuff! And I wonder which comes first, the message from the box in the corner, or the actual behaviours of the society the programme purports to represent.
So yes, while I agree with Doug Belshaw and Howard Rheingold that it is critical to be critical when accessing information online, in my opinion it is far less dangerous than passively consuming content from that box in the corner of the room.
Nevertheless, having been subjected for so long by the one-to-many relationship of broadcast media, filtering the abundance of information on the internet is likely to be a skill that for many will be a hard one to acquire.
- T3S1: Digital Literacies with Dr. Doug Belshaw (#etmooc) (dougbelshaw.com)
- Howard Rheingold on essential media literacies (socialmedia.biz)
- Net Smart: a call for mindful engagement with technology (gumption.typepad.com)
- Crap Detection 101 (evenfromhere.org)